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Chapleau, Ontario

Chapleau is a township in Sudbury District, Ontario, Canada. It is home to one of the world's largest wildlife preserves. Chapleau has a population of 2,116 according to the Canada 2011 Census.

The major industries within town are the logging mill, Tembec, and the Canadian Pacific Railway railyards.

Geography and location
Chapleau is located in central Northeastern Ontario, in the heart of the Canadian Shield. Chapleau is geographically isolated; the nearest cities are Sault Ste. Marie, Timmins, and Sudbury, but all are more than a two hour drive away. Highway 129 links the town with Highway 101, running east to Timmins and west to Wawa. Highway 129 also runs south, connecting with the Trans-Canada Highway, Highway 17 at Thessalon, 227 km from Chapleau.

Three First Nation reservations are located near the township: Chapleau Cree First Nation, Brunswick House First Nation, and Chapleau Ojibway First Nation.

Chapleau Crown Game Preserve
Chapleau Crown Game Preserve to the north of the town is, at over 7,000 square kilometres, the largest animal preserve in the world. Protected wildlife include moose, black bears, pygmy shrews, bald eagles and loons. The preserve is a source of tourism, drawing nature-enthusiasts and fishermen to the township. All forms of hunting and trapping have been forbidden in the preserve since the 1920s. The result is an area with abundant wildlife. In fact, over 2,500 moose and over 2,000 black bears reside within the game preserve. Logging does occur within the preserve, as does fishing. There are two provincial parks and cottages located within the preserve.


The first European settlement in the area was established in 1777 by the Hudson's Bay Company. The settlement was a fur trading post about 50 miles to Chapleau's north, on Big Missinabi Lake.

In 1885 the Canadian Pacific Railway was built through the area. The CPR chose this as a division point, and the town was founded. It was named in honour of Sir Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau (born November 7, 1840; died June 13, 1898), lawyer, journalist, businessman, politician, and most notably the 5th Premier of Quebec.

After a fire in 1948, the government was prompted to construct a road to Chapleau to enable logging contractors to truck timber before it rotted. The Chapleau Road (now Highway 129) was completed on January 28, 1949. In the early 1960s, Highway 101 was completed to link Chapleau with Timmins to the east, and Wawa to the west.

The town has two high schools, Chapleau High School and École Secondaire Catholique Trillium, and three elementary schools, Chapleau Public School, École du Sacré-Cœur, and Our Lady of Fatima. Chapleau High and Chapleau Public belong to the Algoma District School Board, the others belong to the French and English Catholic school boards.

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8. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
9. “Small Town in the Internet Society: Chapleau is No Longer an Island.” American Behavioral Scientist 53 (9): 1344-66. doi: 10.1177/0002764210361689
10. CFJW-FM launch announcement, August 31, 2007.
11. CRTC Decision 2007–70

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Chapleau, Ontario", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.